A-03 : Table of Personal Pronoun

Table of Personal Pronoun / 人称の一覧

いわゆる人称と単数/複数、主格/所有格/目的格/所有代名詞、等のテーブルです。
関係詞代名詞、関係副詞、疑問詞等も記載しています。
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List of abbreviations / 略語一覧

記事内のテーブルで使用している略語の一覧です。
 
1st
First person
一人称
2nd
Second person
二人称
3rd
Third person
三人称
SUB
Subjective
人称代名詞・主格 (~は/~が)
POS
Possessive
所有形容詞(または限定詞)・所有格 (~の)
OBJ
Objective
人称代名詞・目的格 (~を/~に)
ProPOS
Possessive pronoun
所有代名詞・独立所有格 (~のもの)
ProREF
Reflexive pronoun
再帰代名詞 (~自身)
proper-n
proper noun
固有名詞
common-n
common noun
一般名詞
Indef-p
Indefinite pronoun
不定代名詞

Singular noun / 代名詞単数形

単数
Singular
主格
SUB
所有格
POS
目的格
OBJ
独立所有格
ProPOS
再帰代名詞
ProREF
1st
I
my
me
mine
myself
2nd
you
your
you
yours
yourself
3rd
he
his
him
his
himself
she
her
her
hers
herself
it
its
it
 
itself
proper-n
Mike
Mike’s
Mike
Mike’s
 
Mr Mike
Mr Mike’s
Mr Mike
Mr Mike’s
 
common-n
a cat
a cat’s
a cat
a cat’s
 
the city
the city’s
the city
the city’s
 
my dog
my dog’s
my dog
my dog’s
 
Indef-p
someone
someone’s
someone
 
 
one
one’s
one
 
 
the other
the other’s
the other
 
 
another
another’s
another
 
 
 
each other’s
each other
 
 
“someone” は不定代名詞です。
他に “somebody” , “anyone” , “anybody” , “no one” , “nobody” 等があります。
(注意) 物を例えるときに使う “something” , “anything” , “nothing” は主格のみあり、所有格と目的格はありません。
不定代名詞はこの他に “none” , “some” , “any” , “all” , “both” , “each” , “either” , “neither” 等があります。
“each other”「お互い」は 主格がありません
“other” を代名詞で使う場合、“the other” , “the others” , “others” のいずれかになります。
“other” を代名詞で使わない場合、つまり “the” のつかない “other” は形容詞となり、必ず後に名詞を置きます。

Plural noun / 代名詞複数形

複数
Plural
主格
SUB
所有格
POS
目的格
OBJ
独立所有格
ProPOS
再帰代名詞
ProREF
1st
we
our
us
ours
ourselves
2nd
you
your
you
yours
yourselves
3rd
they
their
them
theirs
themselves
proper-n
the Yamadas
the Yamadas’
the Yamadas
the Yamadas’
 
common-n
a girls
a girls’
a girls
a girls’
 
ladies
ladies’
ladies
ladies’
 
Indef-p
everyone
everyone’s
everyone
 
 
others
others’
others
 
 
“The Yamadas” は固有名詞の複数形「山田一家」の意味です。
“eveyone” は不定代名詞です。他に “eveybody” 等があります。
(注意) 物を例えるときに使う 不定代名詞“everything” は主格のみあり、所有格と目的格はありません。
不定代名詞“another” の複数形は “others” です。

Abbreviated list / 短縮形リスト

英文でよく使われる短縮形を集めました。
備忘録代わりに、短縮形の無いものについてもコメントを付けています。

Subjective + be-verb/have/has/had/would/will / 主格 + 動詞/助動詞

I’m
I am (“I was” , “I were” は短縮形なし)
I’ve
I have
I’d
I had / I would
I’ll
I will / I shall
you’re
you are (“you were” は短縮形なし)
you’ve
you have
you’d
you had / you would
you’ll
you will / you shall
he’s
he is / he has (“he was” は短縮形なし)
he’ll
he will / he shall
he’d
he had / he would
she’s
she is / she has (“she was” は短縮形なし)
she’d
she had / she would
she’ll
she will / she shall
we’re
we are (“we were” は短縮形なし)
we’ve
we have
we’d
we had / we would
we’ll
we will / we shall
they’re
they are (“they were” は短縮形なし)
they’ve
they have
they’d
they had / they would
they’ll
they will / they shall
it’s
it is / it has (“it was” は短縮形なし)
it’d
it had / it would
it’ll
it will
there’s
there is / there has (“there was” は短縮形なし)
these’re
these are
those’re
those are

Be-verb / Be動詞

aren’t
are not
weren’t
were not
isn’t
is not
wasn’t
was not

Auxiliary verb / 助動詞

can’t
cannot (“can” と “not” の間にスペースを入れないこと)
couldn’t
could not
could’ve
could have
don’t
do not
doesn’t
does not
didn’t
did not
hadn’t
had not
hasn’t
has not
haven’t
have not
how’d
how did / had / how would
how’ll
how will
how’s
how is / how does
might’ve
might have
mightn’t
might not
must’ve
must have
mustn’t
must not
shan’t
shall not
should’ve
should have
shouldn’t
should not
that’d
that would / that should
that’ll
that will
that’s
that is
what’re
what are
what’ve
what have
what’s
what is / what has
what’d
what did
what’ll
what will
when’ve
when have
when’s
when is
when’d
When did / when had
when’ll
when will
where’ve
where have
where’s
where is / where has
where’d
where had / where did / where would
where’ll
where shall
who’re
who are
who’ve
who have
who’s
who is / who has
who’d
who had / who would
who’ll
who will / who shall
why’ve
why have
why’s
why is / why has
why’d
why did / why had / why would
why’ll
why will
will’ve
will have
won’t
will not
would’ve
would have
wouldn’t
would not

others / その他

let’s
let us
I wanna
I want to
I want a
You wanna
You want to
You want a
He wanna
He wants to
He wants a
She wanna
She wants to
She wants a
We wanna
We want to
We want a
They wanna
They want to
Thay want a
I wanna see the movie.
“I want to see the movie.”
私はその映画を見たい。
I don’t wanna be late.
“I don’t want to be late.”
遅れたくない。
Do you wanna go out on Friday?
“Do you want to go out on Friday?”
金曜日どこかか出かけたいですか?
He doesn’t wanna do that.
“He doesn’t want to do that.”
彼はそれをしたくない。
She wanna help children.
“She want to help children.”
子供を手助けしたい。
I wanna apple.
“I want an apple.”
リンゴが欲しい。
Do you wanna ticket?
“Do you want a ticket?”
チケットが欲しいですか?。
He doesn’t wanna coffee.
“He doesn’t want a coffee.”
彼はコーヒーが欲しくない。
He wanna coffee.
“He wants a coffee.”
彼はコーヒーが欲しい。
I’m gonna
I am going to
You’re gonna
You are going to
He’s gonna
He is going to
She’s gonna
She is going to
We’re gonna
We are going to
They’re gonna
They are going to
It’s gonna
It is going to
I’m gonna watch TV tonight.
“I am going to watch TV tonight.”
今夜はテレビを見ます。
You’re gonna like that.
“You are going to like that.”
(いずれ)あなたはそれを好きになるでしょう。
I’m not gonna tell you anything.
“I am not going to tell you anything.”
私はあなたに何も話す気はありません。
It’s gonna rain.
“It is going to rain.”
(これから)雨が降るようです。
Are you gonna go there?
“Are you going to go there?”
あなたは(これから)そこへ行きますか?
What are you gonna do?
“What are you going to do?”
あなたは(これから)何をしますか?
I’ve gotta / I gotta
I have got to (= “I have to”)
You’ve gotta / You gotta
You have got to (= “You have to”)
We’ve gotta / We gotta
We have got to (= “We have to”)
She’s gotta / She gotta
She has got to (= “She have to”)
He’s gotta / He gotta
He has got to (= “He have to”)
It’s gotta / It gotta
It has got to (= “She have to”)
ya
you
gimme
give me
gotcha
got you
kinda
kind of
shoulda
should have

発音の勉強には以下の三冊がお勧めです。
■『DVD&CDでマスター 英語の発音が正しくなる本』
発音記号に沿って説明しています。付属の DVD がとてもわかりやすいです。
■『英語口の体操―発音記号のエクササイズ (CDブック)』
英語の発音は日本語とは全く違っています。そもそも口の形や舌の位置など日本語では全く使わない筋肉をつかうような感じです。まずは何が自分に出来ないのかを知るためにもお勧めの一冊です。
■『英語耳[改訂・新CD版] 発音ができるとリスニングができる』
エクササイズと同じように発音学習の本なのですが、こちらでは、音楽CD がついていて繰り返し練習しやすいように工夫されています。同じ英文をただ繰り返すのが苦手な人はぜひこちらを手に取ってください!

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