A04 : English Tense-eng

Contents

English example sentences. / 英文ページ

英文のみをリストアップしています。例文番号をクリックすることで説明を見ることが出来ます。
英文ページを読んでいて、日本語訳や、単語、文節、句の意味を忘れていたときに英文解説ページで確認すると効率よく英語を覚えられます。
 英文解説ページ , 日本語訳のみ , 発音記号付 , 凡例 , 始めに 

(1) 現在・過去・未来時制の基本

(1A) 現在時制の基本

001SVCO
She is cute .
002SVOO
She lives in Tokyo .
003SVOO
Joe is washing his car .
004SVCO
I have been ill since last month .
005SVOO
I have heard the song before .
006SVOO
She has already finished her task .
007SVOO
He has gone to Tokyo .
008SVOO
It has been raining since you came back to Tokyo .
009SVOO
He has been to Tokyo before .
010SVOO
He has just been to Tokyo .
011SVOO
He has gone to Tokyo .
012SVOO
He has gone to Tokyo twice .

(1B) 過去時制の基本

013SVOO
I watched TV .
014SVOO
I was watching TV then .
015SVOO
I had studied English for an hour when he visited me .
016SVOO
I had watched the movie once
before he asked me to watch it together .
017SVOO
The movie had already begun when we arrived at the theater .
018SVOO
I had lost the key .
019SVOO
I had been studying English for an hour when he visited me .

(1C) 未来時制の基本

020SVOO
The package will arrive next week .
021SVOO
I will finish my work by six o’clock .
022SVOO
It’s going to snow .
023SVOO
I am going to play golf this afternoon .
024SVOO
I will be watching TV about this time tomorrow .
025SVOO
By next month I will have lived in Paris for three years .
026SVOO
I will have been to New York five times if I go there again .
027SVOO
He will have finished the work by five .
028SVOO
He will have been studying English for three years by the end of March .

(1D) 受動態の時制の基本

(2A) 現在時制 x 単数/複数 x 基本形 x be動詞と一般動詞

(2A-a) 現在時制の肯定文(平叙文)の例文

029SVOO
He writes .
030SVOO
He is writing .
031SVOO
He has written .
032SVOO
He has been writing .
033SVCO
He is well .
034SVOO
He wants a drink .
035SVOO
He teaches me English .
036SVOC
He has things to do .
037SVOO
He has never gotten a cold in his life .
038SVOO
He has been to Shanghai before .
039SVCO
He has been busy recently .
040SVCO
He is being well .
041SVCO
He is boring .
042SVOO
1. Am I boring you , Madam ?
2. I am boring you .
043SVCO
1. He is bored .
2. I am bored to death .
3. I am bored of this game .
4. The child is bored with his own company .
044SVOO
He is running .
045SVCO
His hobby is running .
046SVCO
This thing is living creature .

(2A-b) 現在時制の否定文の例文

047SXOO
He doesn’t write .
He isn’t writing .
He hasn’t written .
He hasn’t been writing .
048SVOO
He isn’t here .
049SVCO
He isn’t well .

(2A-c) 現在時制の疑問文の例文

050SXOO
Does he write ?
Is he writing ?
Has he written ?
Has he been writing ?
051SVOO
Is he here ?
052SVCO
Is he well ?

(2A-d) 現在時制の否定疑問文の例文

053SXOO
Doesn’t he write ?
Isn’t he writing ?
Hasn’t he written ?
Hasn’t he been writing ?
054SVOO
Isn’t he here ?
055SVCO
Isn’t he well ?

(2B) 過去時制 x 単数/複数 x 基本形 x be動詞と一般動詞

(2B-a) 過去時制の肯定文(平叙文)の例文

056SXOO
He wrote .
He was writing .
He had written .
He had been writing .
057SVOO
He was here .
058SVCO
He was well .

(2B-b) 過去時制の否定文の例文

059SXOO
He didn’t write .
He wasn’t writing .
He hadn’t written .
He hadn’t been writing .
060SVOO
He wasn’t here .
061SVCO
He wasn’t well .

(2B-c) 過去時制の疑問文の例文

062SXOO
Did he write ?
Was he writing ?
Had he written ?
Had he been writing ?
063SVOO
Was he here ?
064SVCO
Was he well ?

(2B-d) 過去時制の否定疑問文の例文

065SXOO
Didn’t he write ?
Wasn’t he writing ?
Hadn’t he written ?
Hadn’t he been writing ?
066SVOO
Wasn’t He here ?
067SVCO
Wasn’t He well ?

(2C) 未来時制 x 単数/複数 x 基本形 x be動詞と一般動詞

(2C-a) 未来時制の肯定文(平叙文)の例文

068SVOO
He will write .
He will be writing .
He will have written .
He will have been writing .
069SVOO
He will be here .
070SVCO
He will be well .

(2C-b) 未来時制の否定文の例文

071SVOO
He won’t write .
He won’t be writing .
He won’t have written .
He won’t have been writing .
072SVOO
He won’t be here .
073SVCO
He won’t be well .

(2C-c) 未来時制の疑問文の例文

074SVOO
Will he write ?
Will he be writing ?
Will he have written ?
Will he have been writing ?
075SVOO
Will he be here ?
076SVCO
Will he be well ?

(2C-d) 未来時制の否定疑問文の例文

077SVOO
Won’t he write ?
Won’t he be writing ?
Won’t he have written ?
Won’t he have been writing ?
078SVOO
Won’t he be here ?
079SVCO
Won’t he be well ?

(2D) 進行形 ではない “be going (to)”

080SVOO
1. I am going to New York next year .
2. I was going to New York last year .
081SVCO
1. I am on the way to school .
2. I am on my way to school .
3. I am on my way there .
4. I am on my way home .
5. I am on my way !

(2D-B) 現在時制 “were/was” + “going to”

082SVOO
1. I am supposed to go to New York next year .
2. I was supposed to go to New York last year .

(2E-x) 受動態の例文と注意点

083SVOO
1. We can see stars at night .
2. Stars can be seen at night .
3. Stars cannot be seen at night .
084SVOO
1. He gave his mother a carnation .
2. His mother was given a carnation .
3. A carnation was given his mother .
4. A carnation wasn’t given his mother .
085SVOC
1. They say her to be a nurse .
2. She is said to be a nurse .
3. She isn’t said to be a nurse .
4. She is said not to be a nurse .
5. She is said to be no nurse .

(2E-a) 受動態・現在/過去/未来時制の肯定文(平叙文)の例文

086SVOO
1. He is written .
2. He is being written .
3. He has been written .
4. He has been being written .
5. He had been being written .
6. He will have been being written .

(2E-b) 受動態・現在/過去/未来時制の否定文の例文

087SVOO
He isn’t written .
He isn’t being written .
He hasn’t been written .
He hasn’t been being written .
He hadn’t been being written .
He won’t have been being written .

(2E-c) 受動態・現在/過去/未来時制の疑問文の例文

088SVOO
Is he written .
Is he being written .
Has he been written .
Has he been being written .
Had he been being written .
Will he have been being written .

(2E-d) 受動態・現在/過去/未来時制の否定疑問文の例文

089SVOO
Isn’t he written .
Isn’t he being written .
Hasn’t he been written .
Hasn’t he been being written .
Hadn’t he been being written .
Won’t he have been being written .

(2E-e) 受動態のちょっと詳しい例文

090SVOO
The church has been being built for three years now .
091SVOO
The church had been being built for several years
before they ran out of money .
092SVOO
The church will have been being built for six years by December .
093SVOO
That old piano will have been being played for ten hours ,
if he continues playing it for another ten minutes .
094SVOO
1. His grandmother looked after Tom .
2. Tom was looked after by his grandmother .

(2E-f) 過去分詞単体の受動態の例文

095SVOO
1. I like being called “Hakase.” .
2. I don’t like being called “Hakase.” .
3. I like not being called “Hakase.” .
4. I don’t like not being called “Hakase.” .
096SVOC
1. They call me “Hakase” .
2. I am called “Hakase” by them .

(2E-g) 過去分詞単体の完了形の例文

097SVOO
1. I was ashamed of having been late for school .
2. I was ashamed of not having been late for school .

(2E-h) 能動受動態

098SVOO
1. John opens the door .
2. the door is opened .
3. The door opens easily .
4. The door doesn’t open .

発音の勉強には以下の三冊がお勧めです。
■『DVD&CDでマスター 英語の発音が正しくなる本』
発音記号に沿って説明しています。付属の DVD がとてもわかりやすいです。
■『英語口の体操―発音記号のエクササイズ (CDブック)』
英語の発音は日本語とは全く違っています。そもそも口の形や舌の位置など日本語では全く使わない筋肉をつかうような感じです。まずは何が自分に出来ないのかを知るためにもお勧めの一冊です。
■『英語耳[改訂・新CD版] 発音ができるとリスニングができる』
エクササイズと同じように発音学習の本なのですが、こちらでは、音楽CD がついていて繰り返し練習しやすいように工夫されています。同じ英文をただ繰り返すのが苦手な人はぜひこちらを手に取ってください!

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