Info-02 : Abbreviated List

13/05/2018

Abbreviated list/ 短縮形リスト

英文でよく使われる短縮形を集めました。
備忘録代わりに、短縮形の無いものについてもコメントを付けています。
暗記のチェック用に英文のみのページと日本語訳のみのページ、
発声練習用に発音記号付きページがありますので、こちらもどうぞ
 英文のみ , 日本語訳のみ , 発音記号付 

Subjective + be-verb/have/has/had/would/will / 主格 + 動詞/助動詞

I’m
I am(“I was” , “I were” は短縮形なし)
I’ve
I have
I’d
I had / I would
I’ll
I will / I shall
you’re
you are(“you were” は短縮形なし)
you’ve
you have
you’d
you had / you would
you’ll
you will / you shall
he’s
he is / he has(“he was” は短縮形なし)
he’ll
he will / he shall
he’d
he had / he would
she’s
she is / she has(“she was” は短縮形なし)
she’d
she had / she would
she’ll
she will / she shall
we’re
we are(“we were” は短縮形なし)
we’ve
we have
we’d
we had / we would
we’ll
we will / we shall
they’re
they are(“they were” は短縮形なし)
they’ve
they have
they’d
they had / they would
they’ll
they will / they shall
it’s
it is / it has(“it was” は短縮形なし)
it’d
it had / it would
it’ll
it will
there’s
there is / there has(“there was” は短縮形なし)
these’re
these are
those’re
those are

Be-verb / Be動詞

aren’t
are not
weren’t
were not
isn’t
is not
wasn’t
was not

Auxiliary verb / 助動詞

can’t
cannot(“can” と “not” の間にスペースを入れないこと)
couldn’t
could not
could’ve
could have
don’t
do not
doesn’t
does not
didn’t
did not
hadn’t
had not
hasn’t
has not
haven’t
have not
how’d
how did / had / how would
how’ll
how will
how’s
how is / how does
might’ve
might have
mightn’t
might not
must’ve
must have
mustn’t
must not
shan’t
shall not
should’ve
should have
shouldn’t
should not
that’d
that would / that should
that’ll
that will
that’s
that is
what’re
what are
what’ve
what have
what’s
what is / what has
what’d
what did
what’ll
what will
when’ve
when have
when’s
when is
when’d
When did / when had
when’ll
when will
where’ve
where have
where’s
where is / where has
where’d
where had / where did / where would
where’ll
where shall
who’re
who are
who’ve
who have
who’s
who is / who has
who’d
who had / who would
who’ll
who will / who shall
why’ve
why have
why’s
why is / why has
why’d
why did / why had / why would
why’ll
why will
will’ve
will have
won’t
will not
would’ve
would have
wouldn’t
would not

others / その他

let’s
let us
I wanna
I want to / I want a
You wanna
You want to / You want a
He wanna
He wants to / He wants a
She wanna
She wants to / She wants a
We wanna
We want to / We want a
They wanna
They want to / Thay want a
I wanna see the movie.
“I want to see the movie.”
私はその映画を見(ることをし)たい。
I don’t wanna be late.
“I don’t want to be late.”
遅れたくない。
Do you wanna go out on Friday?
“Do you want to go out on Friday?”
金曜日どこかか出かけたいですか?
He doesn’t wanna do that.
“He doesn’t want to do that.”
彼はそれをしたくない。
She wanna help children.
“She want to help children.”
子供を手助けしたい。
I wanna apple.
“I want an apple.”
リンゴが欲しい。
Do you wanna ticket?
“Do you want a ticket?”
チケットが欲しいですか?。
He doesn’t wanna coffee.
“He doesn’t want a coffee.”
彼はコーヒーが欲しくない。
He wanna coffee.
“He wants a coffee.”
彼はコーヒーが欲しい。
I’m gonna
I am going to
You’re gonna
You are going to
He’s gonna
He is going to
She’s gonna
She is going to
We’re gonna
We are going to
They’re gonna
They are going to
It’s gonna
It is going to
I’m gonna watch TV tonight.
“I am going to watch TV tonight.”
今夜はテレビを見ます。
You’re gonna like that.
“You are going to like that.”
(いずれ)あなたはそれを好きになるでしょう。
I’m not gonna tell you anything.
“I am not going to tell you anything.”
私はあなたに何も話す気はありません。
It’s gonna rain.
“It is going to rain.”
(これから)雨が降るようです。
Are you gonna go there?
“Are you going to go there?”
あなたは(これから)そこへ行きますか?
What are you gonna do?
“What are you going to do?”
あなたは(これから)何をしますか?
I’ve gotta / I gotta
I have got to (= “I have to”)
You’ve gotta / You gotta
You have got to (= “You have to”)
We’ve gotta / We gotta
We have got to (= “We have to”)
She’s gotta / She gotta
She has got to (= “She have to”)
He’s gotta / He gotta
He has got to (= “He have to”)
It’s gotta / It gotta
It has got to (= “She have to”)
ya
you
gimme
give me
gotcha
got you
kinda
kind of
shoulda
should have

発音の勉強には以下の三冊がお勧めです。
■『DVD&CDでマスター 英語の発音が正しくなる本』
発音記号に沿って説明しています。付属の DVD がとてもわかりやすいです。
■『英語口の体操―発音記号のエクササイズ (CDブック)』
英語の発音は日本語とは全く違っています。そもそも口の形や舌の位置など日本語では全く使わない筋肉をつかうような感じです。まずは何が自分に出来ないのかを知るためにもお勧めの一冊です。
■『英語耳[改訂・新CD版] 発音ができるとリスニングができる』
エクササイズと同じように発音学習の本なのですが、こちらでは、音楽CD がついていて繰り返し練習しやすいように工夫されています。同じ英文をただ繰り返すのが苦手な人はぜひこちらを手に取ってください!

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