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B-14 : §264- if の代用-eng

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「§264-if の代用・ロイヤル英文法より」

§264-1 : if の代用 , (1) 不定詞

001SVCO
1. You’d be crazy to expect that kind of thing to happen .
2. If you were to expect that kind of thing to happen , You’d be crazy .
002SVOO
1. To hear him talk , you would think he was God Almighty .
2. If you heard him talk , you would think he was God Almighty .

§264-2 : if の代用 , (2) 分詞構文

003SVCO
1. The same man , living in this century , would be a hero .
2. The same man , if he were living in this century , would be a hero .
004SVOO
1. If it had been seen at a distance , the glass necklace might have passed for a genuine one .
2. Seen at a distance , the glass necklace might have passed for a genuine one .

§264-3 : if の代用 , (3) 副詞(句)

005SVOO
1. I felt a little better ; otherwise I would have had to go to the doctor .
2. if I had not felt a little better , I would have had to go to the doctor .
006SVOO
Ten years ago , I could have run around this lake within half an hour .
007SVOO
With a little more care , you wouldn’t make such a silly mistake .

§264-4 : if の代用 , (4) 主語の名詞

008SVOO
A man of common sense wouldn’t dare take chances .
009SVCO
It was so quiet that a pin might have been heard to drop .

§265 : 条件節の省略

010SVOO
I could kill you for saying that to me .
011SVOO
What with rain and with hunger , I could have wept .
012SVOO
Kant , the philosopher , would have made a good poet .
013SVOO
They discussed what they could have done .
014SXOO
Q. Will she come tonight ?
A. I should think so .
015SVOO
Would you like some more coffee ?
016SVOC
Q. Could you do me a favor ?
A. I’d be very happy to .

§266 : 帰結節の省略

017SXOO
If only I knew that !
018SXOO
If I had confided everything to you !
019SVOO
1. Could I but live my life again !
2. If I could but live my life again !
020SVOO
Oh , had I but come to his help in time !
021SXOO
As if you didn’t know !

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